Intelligent (aka adaptive) Cursor Sharing Problem

Today, at the last day of Hotsos Symposium 2009 Ric van Dyke presented on “Intelligent (aka adaptive) Cursor Sharing”, a new feature of Oracle Database 11g. The feature was created to fix the shortcomings of bind peeking on columns with histograms. Tom Kyte presented a few years ago on this topic when he talked about the impact of the wheather on Oracle database performance.

During the very interesting presentation Ric presented with a demo how this feature works but also showed a nasty side effect. He tested it on a million row table with a column “object type”, which was skewed. He bound several different values to the object_type bind variable causing 2 different execution plans to be used for the same sql_id. The problem with it was that he ended up with dozens of child cursors showing V$SQL.IS_SHARABLE => N.

It was not known whether this is a bug or whether the whole concept is flawed. I searched on metalink and found the appropriate document:

Bug 6644714 – High number of child cursors with adaptive cursor sharing
This issue is fixed in

* 11.2 (Future Release)
* 11.1.0.7 (Server Patch Set)
Lots of child cursors may be produced with adaptive cursor sharing enabled,
sometimes with overlapping or same bind value selectivity ranges (in v$sql_cs_selectivity).
This problem shows as LOAD_OPTIMIZER_STATS=’Y’ for many of the cursors in V$SQL_SHARED_CURSOR.

– and –

Bug 7213010 – Adaptive cursor sharing generates lots of child cursors

This issue is fixed in

* 11.2 (Future Release)
* 11.1.0.7 (Server Patch Set)

Lots of child cursors may be produced for a query with bind variables
appearing in at least two simple relational predicates
(eg. col :b).

v$sql_cs_selectivity shows that there are multiple equivalent / overlapping
ranges for a single cursor. The number of ranges gets bigger and bigger
as the query is run more times.

I then tried to verify if the problem indeed is gone in 11.1.0.7 and found out, that it isn´t.

Here is my testcase:

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SQL> @/tmp/setup.sql
Connected.
SQL> DROP TABLE tab1 purge;
 
TABLE dropped.
 
SQL> CREATE TABLE tab1 (a INT,
  2                     b varchar2(20),
  3                                     padding varchar2(200))
  4  tablespace USERS;
 
TABLE created.
 
SQL>
SQL> DROP SEQUENCE myid;
 
SEQUENCE dropped.
 
SQL> CREATE SEQUENCE myid cache 1000;
 
SEQUENCE created.
 
SQL>
SQL> BEGIN
  2  FOR i IN 1..100000
  3  loop
  4          INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
  5                                                           'AAAAAAAAAA',
  6                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
  7  END loop;
  8
  9  FOR i IN 1..1000
 10  loop
 11          INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
 12                                                           'BBBBBBBBBB',
 13                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
 14  END loop;
 15
 16  FOR i IN 1..1000
 17  loop
 18          INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
 19                                                           'CCCCCCCCCC',
 20                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
 21  END loop;
 22
 23  FOR i IN 1..100
 24  loop
 25          INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
 26                                                           'DDDDDDDDDD',
 27                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
 28  END loop;
 29
 30  FOR i IN 1..10
 31  loop
 32          INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
 33                                                           'EEEEEEEEEE',
 34                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
 35  END loop;
 36
 37  INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (myid.nextval,
 38                                                           'FFFFFFFFFF',
 39                                                           rpad('*',200,'*'));
 40
 41  commit;
 42  END;
 43  /
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL>
SQL> CREATE INDEX tab1_idx1 ON tab1 (b);
 
INDEX created.
 
SQL>
SQL> BEGIN dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(ownname => 'MDECKER',
  2                                          tabname => 'TAB1',
  3                                          method_opt =>'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE 254',
  4                                          cascade=> TRUE,
  5                                          estimate_percent => 100,
  6                                          no_invalidate => FALSE);
  7  END;
  8  /
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL>
SQL> SET LINES 300
SQL> col TABLE_NAME format a10
SQL> col owner format a8
SQL> SELECT owner, TABLE_NAME,num_rows, blocks, round((blocks*8192)/1024/1024) AS MB
  2  FROM dba_tables WHERE TABLE_NAME = 'TAB1' AND owner = 'MDECKER';
 
OWNER    TABLE_NAME   NUM_ROWS     BLOCKS         MB
-------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
MDECKER  TAB1           102111       3268         26
 
SQL>
SQL> prompt "Press Enter to continue"
"Press Enter to continue"
SQL> pause
 
SQL>
SQL> /*
SQL> OWNER       TABLE_NAME   NUM_ROWS  BLOCKS         MB
SQL> -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
SQL> MDECKER  TAB1           102111       3268         26
SQL>
SQL> */
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> SELECT b , COUNT(*) FROM mdecker.tab1 GROUP BY b ORDER BY 1 DESC;
 
B                      COUNT(*)
-------------------- ----------
FFFFFFFFFF                    1
EEEEEEEEEE                   10
DDDDDDDDDD                  100
CCCCCCCCCC                 1000
BBBBBBBBBB                 1000
AAAAAAAAAA               100000
 
6 ROWS selected.
 
SQL>
SQL> /*
SQL> B                      COUNT(*)
SQL> -------------------- ----------
SQL> FFFFFFFFFF                    1
SQL> EEEEEEEEEE                   10
SQL> DDDDDDDDDD                  100
SQL> CCCCCCCCCC                 1000
SQL> BBBBBBBBBB                 1000
SQL> AAAAAAAAAA               100000
SQL>
SQL> 6 rows selected.
SQL>
SQL> */
SQL>
SQL> prompt "Press Enter to continue"
"Press Enter to continue"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> SELECT num_buckets, histogram FROM dba_tab_col_statistics WHERE TABLE_NAME = 'TAB1' AND column_name = 'B';
 
NUM_BUCKETS HISTOGRAM
----------- ---------------
          6 FREQUENCY
 
SQL>
SQL> /*
SQL> NUM_BUCKETS HISTOGRAM
SQL> ----------- ---------------
SQL>           6 FREQUENCY
SQL> */
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> SHOW USER
USER IS "MDECKER"
SQL> @/tmp/sql1.txt
SQL> SET LINES 300
SQL> SET echo ON
SQL> SET pages 10000
SQL> col bind format a120
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL>
SQL> variable myvar varchar2(20)
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'AAAAAAAAAA';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 0
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 2211052296
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation         | Name | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |      |       |       |   889 (100)|          |
|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| TAB1 |   100K|    20M|   889   (1)| 00:00:11 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   1 - FILTER("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
18 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
 
SQL>
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'BBBBBBBBBB';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 0
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 2211052296
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation         | Name | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |      |       |       |   889 (100)|          |
|*  1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| TAB1 |   100K|    20M|   889   (1)| 00:00:11 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   1 - FILTER("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
18 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
 
SQL>
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'CCCCCCCCCC';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 1
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 1918680838
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name      | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |           |       |       |    36 (100)|          |
|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TAB1      |  1000 |   210K|    36   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | TAB1_IDX1 |  1000 |       |     4   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   2 - access("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
19 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'CCCCCCCCCC', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            1
 
SQL>
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'DDDDDDDDDD';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 2
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 1918680838
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name      | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |           |       |       |     5 (100)|          |
|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TAB1      |   100 | 21600 |     5   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | TAB1_IDX1 |   100 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   2 - access("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
19 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'CCCCCCCCCC', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'DDDDDDDDDD', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            2
 
SQL>
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'EEEEEEEEEE';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 3
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 1918680838
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name      | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |           |       |       |     2 (100)|          |
|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TAB1      |    10 |  2160 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | TAB1_IDX1 |    10 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   2 - access("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
19 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'CCCCCCCCCC', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'DDDDDDDDDD', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            2
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'EEEEEEEEEE', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            3
 
SQL>
SQL> EXEC :myvar := 'FFFFFFFFFF';
 
PL/SQL PROCEDURE successfully completed.
 
SQL> prompt "Press enter to run"
"Press enter to run"
SQL> pause
 
SQL> SET termout off
SQL> SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_cursor());
 
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   -----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  fhtgpcv2m2j4s, child NUMBER 4
-------------------------------------
SELECT /* MD_TESTCASE */ * FROM tab1 WHERE b = :myvar
 
Plan hash VALUE: 1918680838
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name      | ROWS  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| TIME     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |           |       |       |     2 (100)|          |
|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TAB1      |     1 |   216 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | TAB1_IDX1 |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Predicate Information (IDENTIFIED BY operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
 
   2 - access("B"=:MYVAR)
 
 
19 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, is_obsolete, is_bind_sensitive, is_bind_aware, is_shareable, dbms_sqltune.extract_binds(bind_data) bind, plan_hash_value, child_number FROM
  2   v$sql WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'CCCCCCCCCC', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'DDDDDDDDDD', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            2
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'EEEEEEEEEE', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            3
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'FFFFFFFFFF', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            4

You can see that after parsing for bind CCCCCCCC, the execution plan changes from full table scan to index range scan. Moreover child cursor 1 is marked “is_bind_aware=Y”. When now bind DDDDDDDD is used, there is a new child (#2) and child 1 is set to is_sharable=N. After using bind EEEEEEEE, child #2 is set to sharable=N and a new child #3 is created. This repeats until there are 5 child cursors, 2 of which are set to is_sharable=Y. When the script is executed multiple times, there is even a sixth child cursor.

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SQL_ID        I I I I BIND(NAME, POSITION, DUP_POSITION, DATATYPE, DATATYPE_STRING, CHARACTER_SID, PRECISION, SCALE, MAX_LENGTH, LAST_CAPTURED PLAN_HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER EXECUTIONS
------------- - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------- ------------ ----------
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y N N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            0          2
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'CCCCCCCCCC', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            1          1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'DDDDDDDDDD', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            2          1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y N SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'EEEEEEEEEE', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            3          1
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'FFFFFFFFFF', ANYDATA()))           1918680838            4         16
fhtgpcv2m2j4s N Y Y Y SQL_BIND_SET(SQL_BIND(NULL, 1, NULL, 1, 'VARCHAR2(32)', 178, NULL, NULL, 32, '12-MAR-09', 'AAAAAAAAAA', ANYDATA()))           2211052296            5          3

I wondered why the cursors are not sharable and queried v$sql_shared_cursor:

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SQL>   SELECT * FROM v$sql_shared_cursor WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        ADDRESS  CHILD_AD CHILD_NUMBER U S O O S L F E B P I S T A B D L T R I I R L I O E M U T N F A I T D L D B P C S C P T M B M R O P M F L P L A F L R L H
------------- -------- -------- ------------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23F4DAB0            0 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23D924D8            1 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23D7E888            2 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23D6B8C8            3 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23D574D8            4 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 23F4E438 23B983B0            5 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N Y N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
 
6 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT sql_id, address, child_number, LOAD_OPTIMIZER_STATS, row_level_sec_mismatch FROM v$sql_shared_cursor WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
SQL_ID        ADDRESS  CHILD_NUMBER L R
------------- -------- ------------ - -
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            0 Y N
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            1 N Y
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            2 N Y
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            3 N Y
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            4 N Y
fhtgpcv2m2j4s 245CE53C            5 N Y
 
SQL> SELECT * FROM v$sql_cs_statistics WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
ADDRESS  HASH_VALUE SQL_ID        CHILD_NUMBER BIND_SET_HASH_VALUE P EXECUTIONS ROWS_PROCESSED BUFFER_GETS   CPU_TIME
-------- ---------- ------------- ------------ ------------------- - ---------- -------------- ----------- ----------
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            5          3946114705 N          1              0           2          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            5          2785428864 Y          1              0           2          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            4          1680726256 Y          1              2           3          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            3          1438126164 Y          1             20           5          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            2           451655377 Y          1            200          21          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            1          4078512309 Y          1           2000         169          0
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            0           479772785 Y          1         100000        9823          0
 
7 ROWS selected.
 
SQL> SELECT * FROM v$sql_cs_selectivity WHERE sql_id = 'fhtgpcv2m2j4s';
 
ADDRESS  HASH_VALUE SQL_ID        CHILD_NUMBER PREDICATE                                  RANGE_ID LOW        HIGH
-------- ---------- ------------- ------------ ---------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            5 =MYVAR                                            0 0.000004   0.010773
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            4 =MYVAR                                            0 0.000009   0.010773
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            3 =MYVAR                                            0 0.000088   0.010773
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            2 =MYVAR                                            0 0.000881   0.010773
245CE53C 3308340376 fhtgpcv2m2j4s            1 =MYVAR                                            0 0.008814   0.010773

It is not clear, why the cursors are not shared and why this is expressed in the flag “row_level_sec_mismatch”. From these tests we can see that the number of child cursors is still quite high.

4 comments
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  1. Maybe you already saw but I think the developers of CBO gave the answer to your question.

    http://optimizermagic.blogspot.com/2009/04/update-on-adaptive-cursor-sharing.html

  2. Hi coskan, thank you very much for posting your comment!
    Yes, i saw that posting. However, i am still waiting to see how this new feature is behaving on a high-load production system.

    Regards,
    Martin

  3. I haven’t really seen a big problem with excessive numbers of child cursors due to Adaptive Cursor Sharing (ACS) in 11.1.0.7. We migrated a 10g system with significant bind variable peeking issues about a month ago. The old systems is still up and being running in parallel with the new system. (well sort of – data is being loaded, but queries on the old system have pretty much ceased) Anyway, both systems have similar numbers of child cursors (no significant difference).We also have another system that has been in production for about a year. It also does not seem to suffer from excessive numbers of child cursors. There are a few that have double digit numbers, but we’ve not had any issues with memory fragmentation issues in the shared pool (i.e. no 4031 errors). It certainly does not look anything like the massive numbers generated by 11.1.0.6 and previous releases with high version count bugs. I must admit though that I haven’t looked very closely at this issue, due to the fact that it just hasn’t been a problem. I did do a post over on my blog earlier this week with observations about ACS after the migration from 10g to 11.1.10.7 if you’re interested. ACS Post

    Kerry

  4. Kerry,

    thank you very much for sharing your experience with this feature on 11.1.0.7.

    Best regards,
    Martin

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