Default 10gR2 RAC TNS Configuration can cause TCP Timeouts for application

The default RAC installation does normally not set “local_listener” init.ora parameter. If the listener is running on port 1521, then the database does not need the parameter in order to find and register with the local TNS listener process. However, if you have *not* set local_listener, it means that the database registers at the listener with the physical IP address instead of the virtual (vip) address.

You can determine if this happens when you take a look at “lsnrctl serv” output from your rac nodes:

Service "S_APP" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "MDDB1", status READY, has 2 handler(s) for this service...
      "DEDICATED" established:0 refused:0 state:ready

Instead of ora-vm1.intra, this should be ora-vm1-vip.intra.

Why should I care?

If you use the default configuration, then you are using the parameter “REMOTE_LISTENER” and therefore Server Side Connect Time Load Balancing. This means, that the listeners of all nodes receive load information from all instances of all nodes and they can redirect connections to the least loaded instance, even if the instance is on another node. But the connect string they then send back to the client contains the physical IP address instead of the virtual.

In case of node crashes or kernel panics, etc. the client has to wait for the TCP timeout until this is detected.



    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = ora-vm1-vip.intra)(PORT = 1521))

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = ora-vm2-vip.intra)(PORT = 1521))

alter system set local_listener = 'LISTENER_MDDB1' sid='MDDB1';
alter system set local_listener = 'LISTENER_MDDB2' sid='MDDB2';

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